The Series : « Aspects of contemporary art criticism worldwide »
Whether they are articles published at the end of an AICA symposium or produced by Switch (on Paper) following an international call for papers, the texts in this dossier bear witness to the diversity, singularity and permanence of an art critic whose place remains more than ever necessary to grasp the issues at stake in the world, placing artists and culture at the heart of the debate. A partnership that materializes a community of spirit and the active support of Switch (on Paper) for art critics, whose status and future are the subject of in-depth reflection.
The Author : Nermin Saybaşılı
Nermin Saybaşılı is a Professor in the Department of Art History at Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Istanbul. Saybaşılı received her doctorate in visual culture from Goldsmiths College, University of London. As a Fulbright visiting scholar, she conducted research at the School of Arts, Columbia University. Her research interests include contemporary visual culture in Turkey; contemporary art practices and critical theory with a particular emphasis on “visibilities” and “invisibilities”; sound culture and sound art; mobility and counter-geographies; urban space and migration in the networked culture. Her articles have been publishing nationally and internationally in journals and books, in catalogs and magazines. Saybaşılı is the author of three books in Turkish: Borders and Ghosts: Migratory Hauntings in Visual Culture (Metis, 2011), Art on Site: Ethnographic Knowledge in Visual Culture Studies (Metis, 2017), and Magnet-Sound: Resonance and the Politics of Art (Metis, 2020).
Born in Iran, Avicenna (980-1037) was a medieval Persan philosopher and doctor of muslim religion; his disciples called him the prince of scholars, the greatest of physician. He studied astronomy, alchemy and psychology. Through its encyclopedic work on medicine – Al-Qanun fi’t-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine) and Kitab al-Shifa (The Book of Healing) – and on science (Danesh Nâma), Avicenna set a broad medical and philosophical synthesis, relying on Aristotle’s logic combined with Neo-platonism, heightening awareness on medicine as an intellectual discipline, compatible with monotheism. He also studied the musical nature of cardiac pulsations. A well-tuned pulse is comparable to consonances, octaves, fifths and fourths as well as rhythmic modes.
From the 18th of March 1915 to the 9th of January 1916, during the First World War, the Dardanelles campaign – also known as the Battle of Gallipoli, opposed the British and French armies against the forces of the Ottoman Empire, the latter winning the conflict. The peninsula of Gallipoli, controlled by the Ottoman Empire, represented a strategic area through which the allied forces could pass provisions and supplies to Russia. This Ottoman achievement remained a celebrated one in Turkey and led to the ascension of Mustafa Kemal, later to become a prominent figure in the war of independence and the country’s first president.
Chaldea was a region situated between lower Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The first inhabitants of the land created the kingdoms of Sumer and Akkad. The Chaldeans were originally a tribe living on the southwest of Babylon. Today, the term « Chaldeans » or « Assyro-Chaldeans » refers to members of the Chaldean Catholic Church, whose liturgical language is oriental Syriac.