The Author : Léo Guy-Denarcy
Denormalization is a strategy to break free from the cultural and social norms of representation and domination, and the possibility of acting over time, while producing new cultural, political and emotional exchanges.
Disidentiﬁcation refers to the process of identity construction for minoritized persons, particularly used by “queer people of color “, to distance and subvert the codes of the dominant ideology, both white and heteronormative. Disidentiﬁcation is an alternative, materialized by artistic and performative practices, whereby the individual “tactically and simultaneously works on, with, and against” the binary norm.
Sex assignment is the act of determining a child’s gender based on biological sex. It denies the self-determination and gender perception of the individual on the assumption that he or she is and will be in alignment with his or her assigned gender/sex, in a binary and cisnormative notion that excludes in particular the identity and experience of people who escape these gender norms (transidentity) and/or sex norms (intersex). It also perpetuates the common confusion between assigned sex, assigned gender and perceived gender.
Queer theory emerged in the early 1990s and initially focused on the history of LGBT movements and the experiences of queer people and then hybridized with other fields such as biology, sociology or philosophy, etc. Queer theories offer tools for analysis and critique of dominant systems; heteronormative, cisgender and white, theorized by people on the margins of these systems. By also questioning the academic form, Queer theories allow the emergence of new forms of political, cultural, scientific and emotional exchanges.
Intersectionality is a term coined by the American black feminist scholar Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw in 1989 to describe the simultaneous discrimination, through racism and sexism, experienced by African American women. Intersectionality demonstrates that systems of domination and oppression related to sex, gender, class and race are cumulative. This reflection allows the visibilization of the situations and experiences of individuals who are involved in several discriminations at the same time. This approach also informs the field of Postcolonial Studies and Queer Studies.
Visibility / Invisibility
Direct or indirect discrimination that ignores, ridicules or renders inaccessible the claims and artistic and intellectual output produced by minorities (sexual, gender), in the public space or discourse, which is heteronormative and structured by relations of domination.
Postcolonial studies were born in the 1980s in the United States, inspired in particular by Edward Said’s Orientalism, published in 1978. It is a body of work and research that takes note of the colonialist dimension and thought in order to develop critical thinking towards the West and its claim to universalism.